Georges Bizet wrote the incidental music to Alphonse Daudet's play L'Arlésienne (usually translated as 'The Girl from Arles') for the first performance of the play in 1872.
Farandole is the fourth movement from L'Arlésienne Suite No. 2 written for full orchestra. It was arranged and published in 1879, four years after Bizet's death, by Ernest Guiraud, using Bizet's original themes (although not all of them were from the L'Arlésienne incidental music). The second suite is generally credited to Bizet since he wrote the themes and the basic orchestration.
The farandole is an open-chain community dance popular in the County of Nice, France. The farandole bears similarities to the gavotte, jig, and tarantella.
This movement, incorporates the theme of the March of the Kings. This is an expanded combination of numbers from the original incidental music, in which the farandole appears first on its own. It is afterwards briefly combined with the march.