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Home>Woodwinds>Flute
Sonata No. 1 in G by Johann Baptist Wendling
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Sonata No. 1 in G by Johann Baptist Wendling

Catalog: 74350
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Description

Sonata No. 1 in G by Johann Baptist Wendling

Publication's Style: Soft Cover - Score and Parts
Pages: 24
Level of Difficulty: Intermediate
General Description: Classic Guitar & Flute Duet

Johann Baptist Wendling was born in 1723 in Rappoltsweiler in Alsace. Very little is known about Wendling’s early years growing up in a region influenced both by German and French traditions and language, but we do know that this area of 18th century Europe enjoyed a rich relationship with the transverse flute dating back to medieval times. In fact, Wendling’s natal town of Rappoltsweiler, now Ribeauvillé in France, was once called Pfeiferstadt (Fifer Town). Wendling came from a musical family, his father and grandfather, both named Jean Charles Wendling, were musicians of import in their own right. We have even less information regarding how Wendling became one of the most renowned flute virtuosos of his day as nothing is known about his formation as a musician.

However, in the mid-1740’s Wendling was employed in the court of Christian IV of Zweibrücken and served as his flute instructor. His relationship with Christian IV afforded Wendling the opportunity to travel through-out Europe, including trips to Berlin where he performed for Frederick the Great, Paris and Mannheim, where he was later principal flautist of the Mannheim court orchestra. Wendling also enjoyed a working relationship with J. C. Bach and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, helping the latter during his stays in Mannheim and Paris. Wendling is an important figure in the development of the flute in the 18th century, not only as a preeminent practitioner of the instrument, but also as a teacher and composer. Wendling wrote five sets of trios for flute, violin and cello.

Johann Baptist Wendling wurde 1723 in Rappoltsweiler im Elsass geboren. Von den frühen Jahren seines Lebens ist wenig bekannt, außer daß er in einer Region aufwuchs, die sowohl von französischen als auch von deutschen Traditionen geprägt war. Zu diesen Traditionen gehörte im Europa des 18. Jahrhunderts eine lange Beziehung zu der Querflöte. Seine Geburts-stadt, jetzt Ribeauvillé in Frankreich, hiess sogar Pfeiferstadt. Wendling stammte aus einer musikalischen Familie. Sein Vater und Großvater, beide Jean Charles Wendling genannt, waren selbst bedeutende Musiker. Noch weniger bekannt ist, wie Wendling seinerzeit zu einem der renommiertesten Flötisten wurde, denn wir wissen nichts von seiner musikalischen Ausbildung.

Um 1745 war Wendling am Hofe von Christian IV. in Zweibrücken als dessen Flötenlehrer tätig. Seine Beziehung zu Christian IV. bot ihm die Gelegenheit, an anderen wichtigen europäischen Höfen zu spielen. Zu dieser Zeit reiste er nach Berlin, wo er vor Friedrich dem Großen konzertierte, nach Paris und Mannheim, wo er später erster Flötist in der Mannheimer Hofkapelle war. Wendling arbeitete mit J. C. Bach und Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart und war diesem während dessen Aufenthalte in Mannheim und Paris von großer Hilfe. Als Komponist, Lehrer und Musiker ist Wendlings Beitrag zur Entwicklung der Querflöte im 18. Jahrhundert nicht zu unterschätzen. Er komponierte u.a. dreißig Trios für Flöte, Violine und Cello.

For a more comprehensive treatment of J.B. Wendling see Emily Gunson’s doctoral dissertation from the University of Western Australia “Johann Baptist Wendling (1723-1797): Life, Works, Artistry, and Influence, including a thematic catalogue of all his compositions.”

Greg Hanson

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